How to Create Custom Middleware in Laravel 11

In this article, we'll explore the process of creating custom middleware in Laravel 11. Laravel 11 introduces significant changes to middleware handling. In previous versions, you could register middleware in the Kernel.php file. However, with Laravel 11, you must define middleware in the app.php file.

Middleware provides a convenient mechanism for inspecting and filtering HTTP requests entering your application.

So, let's see laravel 11 creates custom middleware, how to customize default middleware in Laravel 11, and middleware in laravel 11.

Step 1: Install Laravel 11

First, we'll install laravel 11 using the following command.

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laravel-11-example


Step 2: Create Middleware

Now, we'll create middleware using the following command.

php artisan make:middleware IsAdmin


namespace App\Http\Middleware;
use Closure;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response;
class IsAdmin
     * Handle an incoming request.
     * @param  \Closure(\Illuminate\Http\Request): (\Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response)  $next
    public function handle(Request $request, Closure $next): Response
        if (\Auth::user()->role_id != 1) {
            return response()->json('Opps! You do not have permission to access.');

        return $next($request);


Step 3: Register Middleware

In this step, we will register our custom middleware in the app.php file, as illustrated in the code snippet below:


use Illuminate\Foundation\Application;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Configuration\Exceptions;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Configuration\Middleware;
return Application::configure(basePath: dirname(__DIR__))
        web: __DIR__.'/../routes/web.php',
        commands: __DIR__.'/../routes/console.php',
        health: '/up',
    ->withMiddleware(function (Middleware $middleware) {
            'isAdmin' => \App\Http\Middleware\IsAdmin::class,
    ->withExceptions(function (Exceptions $exceptions) {

Step 4: Apply Middleware

In this step, we'll create two routes and apply the "isAdmin" middleware. Let's proceed by updating the code accordingly.


use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
Route::middleware(['isAdmin'])->group(function () {
    Route::get('/dashboard', function () {
        return 'Dashboard';
    Route::get('/users', function () {
        return 'Users';


Step 5: Run the Laravel 11 Application

Run the laravel 11 application using the following command.

php artisan serve


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