Basic Github And Git Commands

In this tutorial I will give you information about basic github commands like git init, git branch, git clone, git commit, git checkout, branch mearging etc.

GitHub, Inc. is a United States-based global company that provides hosting for software development and version control using Git. Git is an important part of daily programming or working with a team and is widely used in the software industry.

Git is a distributed version-control system for tracking changes in source code during software development.Git is used for maintain your projects, application or code in one place and you can remoltly access this code. Also there are many developers which are used git and github for their project and also you can find solutions of your problems or error via git communities.

Github and git  provides many features that your work can be done very easily and fast, Github and Git provides many commands and here i will give some useful commands list with some description.

Getting & Creating Projects


Command Description
git init Initialize a local Git repository
git clone ssh://[username]/[repository-name].git Create a local copy of a remote repository



Basic Snapshotting


Command Description
git status Check status
git add [file-name.txt] Example: $git add index.html Add a file to the staging area
git add -A Add all new and changed files to the staging area
git commit -m "[commit message]" Commit changes
git rm -r [file-name.txt] Remove a file (or folder)


Branching & Merging


Command Description
git branch List branches (the asterisk denotes the current branch)
git branch -a List all branches (local and remote)
git branch [branch name] Create a new branch
git branch -d [branch name] Delete a branch
git push origin --delete [branch name] Example: $git push origin master Delete a remote branch
git checkout -b [branch name] Example: $git checkout development_branch Create a new branch and switch to it
git checkout -b [branch name] origin/[branch name] Clone a remote branch and switch to it
git branch -m [old branch name] [new branch name] Rename a local branch
git checkout [branch name] Switch to a branch
git checkout - Switch to the branch last checked out
git checkout -- [file-name.txt] Discard changes to a file

git merge [branch name]

Example :
git checkout -b dev

# Edit some files
git add <file>
git commit -m "commit changes"

# Merge in the dev branch
git checkout master
git merge dev
git branch -d dev

Merge a branch into the active branch
git merge [source branch] [target branch] Merge a branch into a target branch
git stash Stash changes in a dirty working directory
git stash clear Remove all stashed entries



Sharing & Updating Projects


Command Description
git push origin [branch name] Push a branch to your remote repository
git push -u origin [branch name] Push changes to remote repository (and remember the branch)
git push Push changes to remote repository (remembered branch)
git push origin --delete [branch name] Delete a remote branch
git pull Update local repository to the newest commit
git pull origin [branch name] Example: $git pull origin master Pull changes from remote repository
git remote add origin ssh://[username]/[repository-name].git Add a remote repository
git remote set-url origin ssh://[username]/[repository-name].git Set a repository's origin branch to SSH


Inspection & Comparison


Command Description
git log View changes
git log --summary View changes (detailed)
git log --oneline View changes (briefly)
git diff [source branch] [target branch] Preview changes before merging


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